About Novi Sad
Novi Sad is a city in the Republic of Serbia, the capital of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. Vojvodina translated in English means ‘Duke’s land’, reflecting its rich history as a part of the Habsburg Monarchy and the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
This is where cultures meet, it is a blend of East and West.
As a result, many ethnic and religious groups have found shelter here. Numerous peoples had visited and settled: Romans, Gepids, Huns, Avars, Slavs, Germans, Hungarians, Byzantines and Turks. The first fortification on the Petrovaradin rocks was built by Romans. Hungarians rebuilt it in the 13th Century, and Turks took care of it in the 15th Century (TONS, 2019. n.d.).
After the end of Ottoman rule and with Habsburgs coming to this area, a new fortress was built at in the same place. The Habsburg fort, today known as Petrovaradin Fortress, was constructed between 1692 and 1780 as a line of defence against the Ottoman Empire. By the time the Habsburgs finished the fort, the power of the Ottoman Empire declined and it was never used for its original purpose.
In the past centuries, two events stand out: the acquisition of the Free Royal City status in 1748 and the bombing of Novi Sad during the Hungarian Revolution in 1848/49. After the purchase of the status, the schools were established, the churches were built, the trade was developed. In the mid 19th century, the rise of the city was interrupted by the Hungarian Revolt. Novi Sad was destroyed during the uprising. After the bombing, Novi Sad started to recover. It became the centre of the political, cultural and social life of the Serbian people, hence is also called Serbian Athens. Many institutions were established, such as the Serbian National Theater and the Town Hall. Matica Srpska, the oldest and the most important cultural, literary and scientific institution in Serbia, was transferred from Budapest to Novi Sad. Until the end of the century, the first newspapers were issued and political parties were established. The Catholic Church of the Name of Mary was built, as well as many other symbols which will be included in the tour of Novi Sad.
Vojvodina and Novi Sad are a part of the Republic of Serbia since 1918. After World War I, this land became part of the newly established country known as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croatians, and Slovenians. In 1929 the name was changed to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, known also as the First Yugoslavia. After World War II, a Second Yugoslavia was established. The official name the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia marked the golden age of Yugoslavia. Yugoslavia disintegrated in early 1990. Two countries remained united under the name Serbia and Montenegro. Since 2006, the Republic of Serbia is an independent country, with two Autonomous Provinces – Vojvodina, and Kosovo and Metohija
Due to its long and rich history, Vojvodina, even today, has 25 different nationalities living side by side and has five official languages. The Royal Edict bestowed Novi Sad with the title of Free Royal City title, which included different names for the city. Multiple names in multiple languages are one of the reasons why more than 90% of the original buildings are preserved. The Petrovaradin fortress remains one of the best-known symbols of Novi Sad.The city itself is transforming. In 2019 Novi Sad was the European Youth Capital, and in 2021 we will welcome you as the European Capital of Culture!
Life in Novi Sad is usually slow, calm and peaceful. Locals are friendly tranquil people that live at their own pace. Some people say: “in Novi Sad, everything is just twenty minutes away”. Novi Sad is a city with a great vibe, and many places to visit. Besides the places that are known to everyone, there are a lot of hidden places familiar only to the true locals. When you come to Novi Sad, you will have an opportunity to see this city from the perspective of a local.
We are happy to welcome you! See you in Novi Sad for the 19th World Convention of Tourist Guides!